Friday, December 14, 2007


Pink Floyd • Animals
CBS Records/1978

Here's a neat trick you can try at home. all you need is:

a) A CD copy of Animals, or a version of it in your iTunes or similar digital music library, and
b) The ability to count to five
c) Then, you put the tracks on this album in my revised order:

1) Pigs on the Wing Pt. 1 (or 2, your choice)
2) Pigs (Three Different Ones)
3) Sheep
4) Dogs

(Take the leftover version of Pigs on the Wing and set it aside - for this experiment, you won't need it)

d) Listen.


Go on. I'll be here when you get back.


There. Wasn't that an amazing record? Sure, the ending is now a little bleak, but, wow, what a powerful, moving and building experience. Sure wish they'd done that the first time around.

What's at issue here is that the lyrics and music are in disagreement about what the actual climax of the album is. For Waters, it's obviously the lyrical theme of the underclass (sheep) finally rising up and offing the seemingly dominant class (dogs), but - oh, the irony! - the new revolutionaries set the same patterns of control-through-fear in play. Then he wraps it all up in a bow with a little acoustic number that says that it's all worthwhile because at lease we can love each other on a one-to-one basis.

I don't mean to snark, but by insisting on having the pat ending for this album (which is here recycled from Dark Side and will be reused on The Wall, The Final Cut and Radio K.A.O.S.) he doesn't make the stuff that comes before gel - he just diffuses it with a complete 372º turn into "What?" land.

And the thing is, the two acoustic numbers here are nice - although it's clear that he's trying his damndest to evoke Dylan - so I can see why they ended up on the record. But even given the insistence on opening and closing with thematically and musically paired numbers (ala Shine On You Crazy Diamond), it's really the order of the songs that come before that end up diluting the message of the album. Musically and lyrically.

Lyrically, it's a strange progression. Pigs on the Wing brings us in with some sincere, if guarded, tenderness. Actually, it's a damn love song - a ballad, even. Then it's right into a 17 minute evisceration of a particular type of middleman mover and shaker - a friendless, untrustworthy and without any ethical guidelines, who performs the most godawful deeds to the nicest people - for his own benefit, he believes, but really in order to maintain the status quo of his bosses. This, in Waters' lyrical tangle, is a dog. It's us, our darkest, most self-interested and individualistic selves. In the early part of the song - voiced beautifully and with malevolent polish by David Gilmour - we learn that not only is our narrator good at his job, but he takes pride in his work:

And after a while/you can work on points for style
Like the club tie/and the firm handshake/a certain look in the eye and an easy smile
You have to be trusted/by the people that you lie to
So that when they turn their backs one you/you'll get the chance to put the knife in

But at the end it emerges that this perverse pride is really the result of a terrible upbringing - presumably a some British public school - where his humanity has been systematically stripped away so that he can be an effective tool for his 'masters':

Who was born in a house full of pain
Who was trained not to spit in the fan
Who was told what to do by the man
Who was broken by trained personnel
Who was fitted with collar and chain
Who was given a pat on the back
Who was breaking away from the pack

sung now by Waters, with as much bite and anguish as is humanly possible. And the price that our 'hero' has paid for his years of loyalty and service? Driven by guilt perverted into raging paranoia, he dives into total isolation. Eventually, used up and past his prime, he ends up friendless, heartless and alone in some tropical retirement, finally dying of cancer in the middle of a phone call.

Who was only a stranger at home
Who was ground down in the end
Who was found dead on the phone
Who was dragged down by the stone.

It's interesting to note that even though this closing litany is phrased as a series of questions, on the lyric sheet, they're pointedly treated as statements - each one ending with a simple, unalterable period. It's unclear whether the real tragedy of this character is that he's really unaware that he's been controlled all along - but in the end, he has his suspicions.

Too late to change, however.

In case you can't tell, I think this is an excellent lyric. It pulls off that Waters trick of working at a topic through carefully chosen visual imagery that reflects a secondary, parallel narrative that you have to dig for (appropriate, in a song called "Dogs," no?). I can't remember the exact quote or who said it - Karl Dallas, perhaps? - but Waters had a way of shining a spotlight on clearly-seen moments that still left a lot of ambiguity, largely (and this is my own observation) because he uses a 2nd person narrator often, letting the listener simultaneously identify with but be locked out of the character. Brilliant, really.

And the last lines (quoted above), coming as they do at the very end of a lengthy suite of a song, crash in with real force and sadness. And and overwhelming sense of finality. And then, they follow it with three more songs. And the three songs totally lose the thread of the lyrical theme established in Dogs, which takes up most of Side A of the original LP. Pigs (Three Different Ones) immediately goes in for very specific cultural satire, selecting as one target Mary Whitehouse, a self-appointed British crusader for Christian morals in the media, who wanted everything censored that offended her. Well, fine and good for Roger - public moralists are easy targets - but entirely lost on the Floyd fans of every other nation in their audience. Lord knows, for years, I thought it was a reference to the President (who would have been Carter at the time), despite the fact that the printed lyric made "Whitehouse" one word.

Hey you Whitehouse/ha ha, charade you are

You house proud town mouse/ha ha, charade you are

You're trying to keep our feelings off the street

You're nearly a real treat
/All tight lips and cold feet

And do you feel abused?

You gotta stem the evil tide
/And keep it all on the inside

Mary you're nearly a treat
/But you're really a cry.

So, we've gone from a devastating portrait of a completely destroyed human soul to - name calling? Again, the lyric is well written - and the song itself is really strong - but it's not only anticlimactic, but a bit odd after the dark humanism of Dogs to find yourself listening to... I dunno, the Rachel Maddow show set to music? And we've gone from the participatory second person voice to the first person. Despite the fact that the primary pronoun in both songs is 'you,' in Dogs it's clear that the 'you' is an internal voice, whereas in Pigs (Three Different Ones), the song is clearly a personal message from Roger Waters to his intended targets.

And then, with the specific cultural satire done with, we're on to Sheep, which is far and away the most savage satire Waters has ever written, which casts the remaining lot of humanity - us, really - as sheep. Not just metaphorically, mind you. As real fucking sheep. Unlike Dogs and Pigs (Three Different Ones), which really only glancingly assign animal traits to their 'protagonists,' the lyric of Sheep follows through with its conceit, and we see sheep in a meadow cringing in terror of sheepdogs (or perhaps wild dogs), led through a slaughterhouse and then being led by the Christ-like singer into a violent overthrow of the dogs. And the religious satire is strong here, with the bridge being a reworking of the 23rd Psalm:

The Lord is my shepherd, I shall not want
He makes me down to lie
Through pastures green He leadeth me the silent waters by.
With bright knives He releaseth my soul.
He maketh me to hang on hooks in high places.
He converteth me to lamb cutlets,
For lo, He hath great power, and great hunger.
When cometh the day we lowly ones,
Through quiet reflection, and great dedication
Master the art of karate,
Lo, we shall rise up,
And then we'll make the bugger's eyes water.

Again, a really great lyric, and the song is strong - but how does that serve as a climax for what's come before? And beyond that, the closing track - the second part of Pigs on the Wing - completely confuses the metaphors that have been set up over the course of the album:

You know that I care what happens to you
And I know that you care for me too
So I don't feel alone
Of the weight of the stone
Now that I've found somewhere safe
To bury my bone
And any fool knows a dog needs a home
A shelter from pigs on the wing

So... blueblood con-men live in fear of crusading moralists? What?

Anyway, the whole album would have been much, much stronger had Waters followed the thrust of the music - which (in order of intensity) starts with a light ballad, then moves through the dark funk of Pigs (Three Different Ones), then the arena rock of Sheep, then climaxes with the building, orchestral drama and simultaneously descending and gathering coda of Dogs. Because the lyrics also build in that order - first, a self-aware declaration of the fear and dangers of loneliness and isolation:

If you didn't care what happened to me,
And I didn't care for you
We would zig zag our way through the boredom and pain
Occasionally glancing up through the rain
Wondering which of the buggers to blame
And watching for pigs on the wing.

Then an externalized shout at the easiest targets - the self-proclaimed moralists and policemen of society. Then, a hazy dream of all of those with who we share our daily grind rising up and creating a new utopia... which of course, turns out not to be a utopia at all, because of human nature being what it is. Then, in the end, we're left with a stark reality of the scared and empty lives we've built around ourselves - and a warning to be aware most of all of how you comport yourself. Because, even given the external oppressions we face, our most subtle and dangerous adversaries are ourselves.


P.S.: And what about the music? Tune in tomorrow! (This is plenty long for one entry, don't you think?)

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